The lipid profile / cholesterol levels are utilized to help determine risk of heart disease and help guide therapeutic treatment. Depending on the results and other risk factors after a thorough consultation and risk assessment treatment options including lifestyle changes with diet and exercise and/or lipid lowering medications will be recommended.
The lipid profile is a fasting blood test. The lipid profile measures cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C, “good” cholesterol) as well as calculates low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C, “bad” cholesterol). Triglycerides are a form of fat and a major source of energy for the body. Below are the desirable ranges for the components of the lipid profile:
Cholesterol <200 mg/dL
HDL-cholesterol > 40 mg/dL
LDL-cholesterol <100 mg/dL
Triglycerides <150 mg/dL
Appropriate adjustment based on additional risk factors are made for individuals at moderate to high risk.
Kal Cardiology believes in a proactive aggressive approach to managing cholesterol levels in our patients prioritizing a lifestyle modification approach emphasizing diet with the right foods and frequent exercise.